O kompetencji interkulturowej w kształceniu obcojęzycznym

Numer JOwS: 
str. 127

Tempo życia współczesnego człowieka jest w dzisiejszych czasach wyjątkowo dynamiczne. Towarzyszą nam intensywne zjawiska społeczne takie jak: globalizacja, integracja europejska, wielokulturowość, ruchy migracyjne itp. Rzeczywistość ma wpływ na poczucie tożsamości współczesnego człowieka, jego świadomość przynależności do określonej kultury czy grupy społecznej, a także na samookreślenie danej społeczności lokalnej, narodowej, obywatelskiej (por. Królica 2012:113).

Topic: Polish cities

1. Find the meaning of the words in a dictionary. Write them in your notebook.

a valley; destination; royal; landmarks; Tricity; impressive; maritime; Masovia; enormous; flavour; mark; mall; stall; kitchen; utensils;

2. Read the texts.

Krakow

I live in Krakow. It’s the most beautiful and fascinating city in Poland. Krakow is situated in a valley formed by the Vistula River. The city is known as the most popular tourist destination in Poland, with the former royal Wawel castle, its major attraction. The majority of Krakow’s monuments are situated in the Old Town. In the centre of the Old Town there is Europe’s largest market square, with the Sukiennice (the Cloth Hall) dating from the 14th century and one of the best-known landmarks of Krakow. Krakow is also an important academic city, with its ancient university – Jagiellonian University. Ania, 17

Gdansk

Hi! My city is Gdansk. It’s situated on the coast of the Baltic Sea. Together with two other cities, Sopot and Gdynia, it forms the Tricity. While Gdynia serves mainly as a port and Sopot as a seaside resort, Gdansk is popular among visitors with its thousand-year history and impressive architecture. Its Old Town attracts almost as many people as that of Krakow or Warsaw. In the past Gdansk’s history was complicated and sometimes even dramatic. At present this maritime capital of Poland is an important cultural and academic centre. The seaport and international airport make the city a significant transport place. I love my city. Karol, 21

Warsaw

I was born in Warsaw, Poland’s capital since the late 16th century, the biggest and fastest developing Polish city . Situated on both sides of the Vistula, almost in the heart of Poland, Warsaw is also the capital of Masovia. This is a region rich in folk traditions, characterised by flat landscapes with large open fields. The river divides the city into two parts. The capital of Poland was practically rebuilt from scratch after World War II. There is an enormous Palace of Culture and Science. Warsaw is a world in itself, with an eastern European flavour. Do not miss the beautiful Old Town, the Royal Route, the Chopin museum, several magnificent palaces and the former Jewish ghetto. Karina, 19

Zakopane

Hi! My name is Kasia. My city is Zakopane, the most popular mountain resort in Poland. It is in a valley at the foot of the Tatra. Zakopane is rather like a large village, with wooden folk cottages and houses that remain from the town’s popularity at the end of the 19th century. It was home to many famous artists at that time, and many of these have left their mark on the atmosphere and architecture of the place. The most well known street in Zakopane is Krupowki – the town’s main mall. There are plenty of restaurants, cafes, shops and stalls selling shoes made from calf leather (kierpce), woollen sweaters, wooden kitchen utensils, sheep fleeces and the Oscypek salty cheese. I think it’s really a place to live. Mariusz, 19

3. Read the texts again and complete the table.

Tabela 2

4. Decide if the sentences are true (T) or false (F).

  • Wawel castle is Krakow’s main attraction.          T/F
  • Krakow is not a popular tourist destination.        T/F
  • Gdansk is not a part of Tricity.     T/F
  • There is an international airport in Gdansk.         T/F
  • Warsaw is situated on one side of the Vistula.    T/F
  • Warsaw was destroyed during World War II.     T/F
  • Krupowki is the best-known street in Zakopane. T/F
  • Zakopane was popular among artists in 19th century.     T/F

5. Which of these places would you like to visit? Why?

6. Fill in the worksheet. Go to www.staypoland.com. and choose your favourite city. Complete the table with the information about the city.

Tabela 3

7. Tell the class about the city.

Topic: Postcards from Poland

1. Think about the geography of Poland. What do you know about it? Do you know the names of any rivers and mountains? Can you think of any famous natural attractions there?

2. Translate the words. Write your associations with the new words.

for example: shanties – szanty: lake, pirate, etc.

landscape, dune, fauna, to explore, limestone, border, gorge, species, holiday, destination, marina, shanties, abundant, global, significance, an enclave, to snake

3. Read the texts.

Pomerania

Hi! Welcome to Pomerania! The term Pomerania (Pomorze in Polish) is used to describe the whole area along the Baltic Sea coastline in the north of Poland, as well as the lake district situated away from the coast. I love it. You can find here: the sea, forests, fauna and picturesque landscapes. We saw the Slowinski National Park which was included in the World List of Biosphere Reserves in 1967. The Slowinski National Park is famous for having the biggest sand dunes in Europe, which move with the wind, grow and change shape. Excellent! What else to do? Why not visit Gdansk or explore some of the many interesting towns and villages, like Ustka, Slupsk, Leba and Rowy.

Pieniny

Greetings from Pieniny! These not high but picturesque limestone mountains are situated along Poland’s southern border, between the Beskidy Mountains, the Tatras and Podhale. They overlook the spectacular Dunajec River gorge, snaking between rock cliffs, a highlight on a European scale. The central part is officially designated a national park with a huge number of plant and animal species. It is estimated that almost half of all species recorded in Poland are to be found here. Yesterday we were on a canoe trip on the Dunajec River. It was an unforgettable adventure started in Sromowce-Katy and finished in Szczawnica. We admired the mountains of Sokolica and Trzy Korony – it was fantastic!

Masuria

Greetings from Masuria, the region of beautiful lakes! This is one of the most popular holiday destinations in Poland. The central part of Masuria (Great Masurian Lakes) is situated in the north-eastern corner of Poland, close to the border with Russia. The biggest town is Gizycko, and the other main and frequently visited resorts include Wegorzewo, Mikolajki, Ruciane-Nida, Pisz and Ryn. We saw: the largest lake Sniardwy with numerous yachts and boats on it. We also canoed down the Krutynia River (about 100km long). In the evening we went to the marina in Mikolajki where you can enjoy shanties – sailor songs popular among boaters from all Masuria.

Bialowieza Forest

Hi! This is cool! Greetings from the part of Poland where forest is most abundant – the Bialowieski National Park, located right in the middle of the forest deeps. Due to its global significance, UNESCO included Bialowieza Forest on the World Biosphere list and on the World Heritage register, plus it was recently awarded a European diploma. Today Bialowieza Forest is perhaps best known as forming an enclave for the European bison. Yesterday we saw them. Here, in conditions close to natural ones we could get a close look at the European bison, Polish tarpan ponies, elk, deer roe-deer, wild boars, wolves, as well as zubron (a hybrid of European bison and farm cattle).

4. Read again and write the name of the places (Masuria, Pieniny, Bialowieza Forest, Pomerania).

  • It is the part with most abundant forest area in Poland  
  • It is situated in the north-eastern corner of Poland         
  • There are the European bison       
  • The Slowinski National Park is part of the region          
  • You can admire the mountains of Sokolnica and Trzy Korony there    
  • There are famous dunes   
  • There are low limestone mountains         
  • It is the region with the largest Polish lake         

5.  Work online. Choose a holiday destination. Write down the information.

Bring some small pictures of your chosen holiday destination. You are going to write a postcard from this place during the English lesson.

Tabela 4

Bibliografia

Królica, M. (2012) Formowanie postaw patriotycznych dzieci w procesie edukacji przedszkolnej a zjawisko wielokulturowości. W: G. Pietruszewska-Kobiela (red.) Dziecko II. Wieluń: Kolegium Nauczycielskie.

Wilczyńska, W. (2005) Czego potrzeba do udanej komunikacji interkulturowej? W: M. Mackiewicz (red.) Dydaktyka języków obcych a kompetencja kulturowa i komunikacja interkulturowa. Poznań: Wydawnictwo Wyższej Szkoły Bankowej.